Prerequisites · Step 1: Log in to your server · Step 2: Update all packages · Step 3: Install the graphical desktop environment and VNC server · Step 4: Configure. How do I install VNC® Server? The easiest thing to do is to run the installer on the computer you want to control and follow the instructions. How to install VNC server on ubuntu · –no-install-recommends key to keep GUI minimal. · Step 1» Start installing below gnome packages which helps VNC to. WINSCP TEST CONNECTION Вы можете прийти к нам.
Do not use sudo when running the following command:. The user will not be able to interact with the VNC instance with the mouse or keyboard if you opt to set up a view-only password. In the output above, take note of the:1 after the hostname. This is the number of the display port where the vnc server is running. Stop the VNC instance using the vncserver command with the -kill option and the server number as an argument before moving on to the next step.
Create the following file to do so:. When you start or restart the TigerVNC server, the script above will be run automatically. To ensure that permissions are right, use the following chmod command:. Copy the following settings into your text editor and paste it in. Remember to modify the username on line 7 to match your own.
The display port on which the VNC service will run is defined by the number 1 after the symbol. Because we are using 1 in the previous section, the VNC server will listen on port Open your VNC viewer, type your server ip into the address bar, then hit the Connect button. Enter your password when prompted, and you should see the default Xfce desktop. It should looklike this:. You may now use your keyboard and mouse to interact with the remote XFCE desktop from your local workstation.
By now, you should have a VNC server up and running, and you should be able to operate your Ubuntu server using a graphic interface from your local computer. Using the vncserver command, build the initial setup and specify the password for your VNC server to start a display for more than one user.
A new service file with a different port must also be created. Check out some of our other tutorials. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. All rights reserved. We started this blog to make a difference in Unix Linux blogs world and we promise to Post the best we can and we will invite the best Admins and developers to post their work here.
Sign in. Forgot your password? Enter y , and press Enter. You must enter n as prompted, and press Enter. Notice The logon password of VNC can be up to 8 characters in length. If the specified string exceeds eight characters in length, VNC uses the first eight characters of the string as the password.
If the command output includes the information that is provided in the red box as shown in the following figure, VNC is started. Example: For more information about how to obtain the public IP address of an Ubuntu server, see How do I obtain the public IP address of my simple application server? Name : Enter a name for the Ubuntu desktop. Example: test In this example, double-click the card whose Ubuntu desktop name is test For more information, see Add a firewall rule.
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Basically ubuntu server and ubuntu cloud editions does not contains GUI, which needs to be installed before installing VNC server. Please note that server and cloud editions are carefully designed to utilize less hardware resources minimal environment , installing GUI might leads to high hardware utilization. Just to explain a use case, let me tell you how I ended up using VNC in first place. I was working on a problem which relates with cloud latency testing.
I could have used some online paid or free service to get browser rented, services like browserstack or other alternatives but that has free minutes based trial restrictions. Start installing below gnome packages which helps VNC to load properly. These packages are required for all editions including ubuntu desktop. Before editing, make a backup copy. Now type the command vncserver to start VNC session.
If firewall is active, you need to open ports for inbound communication. If no firewall is enabled, you can skip this section. Use any remote desktop connect client that allow VNC protocol. On booting up, you will get a command-line interface to execute your commands. As of writing this post, there are several Linux desktop environments available for you to install.
For this particular post, we will install the XFCE desktop environment. It is fast, stable, and easy to use. XFCE is very popular and lightweight. You can also install multiple desktop environments at the same time, and just switch between them.
However , you may end up with bugs or conflicts, depending on the desktop environments you have simultaneously installed. After establishing an SSH connection to your server, execute the following command to update your package index:. You will see a prompt to select a display manager for your newly installed XFCE Desktop Environment during the installation. There are several VNC servers available for Linux today. For this particular tutorial, we will install the TigerVNC server.
Execute the command below to initialize the VNC server instance and set up a password. Assuming you are acting as a non-root sudo user , do NOT execute this command with sudo :. After setting up the password, you will get a prompt to set a View-Only password.
I will just type N and hit Enter. We can see this process lists the connection information for our VNC server from the message above. Additionally, it started the VNC server at port , which is the display port. This port is referred to as If you create additional VNC server instances, they will be presented as port as :2 , port as :3 , and so on. Up to this point, our VNC server is up and running. Now we need to configure the commands that will be executed by the server every time we start a VNCV instance.
Execute the command below:. If another instance were running on another port, say or , we would execute the commands vcnserver -kill :2 and vncserver -kill :3 , respectively. To configure VNC, we will need to create a file called xstartup file in the. Execute the commands below:. By default, TigerVNC accepts connection only from In my case, I will use From the image above, you can now see our VNC server is well configured, and we can access it from our local machine.
To establish a secure connection, restart your VNC server by simply running vncserver without the -localhost no option as shown below. That ensures that the VNC server only accepts connections incoming from the server where it is installed. To get around this and connect to the VNC server from our local machine, we will establish an SSH tunnel from our local machine to the server. That is also an additional layer of security as only users with SSH access to the server can connect to the VNC server.
You can choose whichever one you prefer. On Windows you can use PowerShell or a terminal emulator such as Cmder. In my case, I will execute the command below:. Alternatively; you can add a -f argument which runs SSH tunneling in the background. Now to connect securely to your VNC server, launch the VNC client application and connect with the address localhost :.
If you are connecting to your server using Putty, create an SSH tunnel using the procedure below. On the left side of the Putty window, scroll down and get to the SSH option. Extend it and select the Tunnels option. Enter the details as shown in the image below—Port as the source port and localhost as the destination address. We will also use systemd to launch our VNC server on boot. With that done, we can now start, stop and restart our VNC server as a system service.
You have successfully installed and configured the VNC server on Ubuntu Please keep in mind that if you install multiple desktop environments on the same machine, then you may encounter bugs or conflicts, depending on which you have installed.
We covered this initially in the tutorial, but will add it here too, so the article is more easily skimmable. Now restart the VNC server and next time you connect you should be using Budgie. Now restart the VNC server and next time you connect you should be using Cinnamon. I believe this guide has given you a step-by-step guide on installing and configuring a VNC server on Ubuntu Feel free to share any additional VNC configuration tips with our readers or ask any questions in the comments below or by contacting us.
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